He is described as a great king, but not as great in power and influence as Porus in northwestern India or Agrammes (Dhana Nanda) in eastern India. Later, the daughter of Seleucus Nicator and Chandragupta Maurya were married. [136], Scholar of Jain studies and Sanskrit Paul Dundas says the Svetambara tradition of Jainism disputes the ancient Digambara legends. In Canto 8, verses 170 to 469, it describes the legend of Chandragupta and Chanakya's influence on him. However, little is known about his personal life including his marriage. She was. Buddhist texts such as Milindapanha claim Magadha was ruled by the Nanda dynasty, which, with Chanakya's counsel, Chandragupta conquered to restore dhamma. The other major strategic road infrastructure credited to this tradition spread from Pataliputra in various directions, connecting it with Nepal, Kapilavastu, Dehradun, Mirzapur, Odisha, Andhra, and Karnataka. Seleucus would put the 500 elephants he received from Chandragupta to good use soon after. [89][90], In the west, Chandragupta's rule over present-day Gujarat is attested to by Ashoka's inscription in Junagadh. [61][21] With the defeat of Nanda, Chandragupta Maurya founded the Maurya Empire in ancient India. With the help of Seleucus, Chandragupta started acquiring many regions and expanded his empire as far as South Asia. The poison took her life but before her pulses could stop, Acharya Chanakya could save the child in her womb in what we may call as the first caesarean operation. The Greek diplomat Megasthenes, who visited the Maurya capital Pataliputra, is an important source of Maurya history. [14], Hindu sources are inconsistent. [91] Rudradaman's inscription states that the Sudarshana lake in the area was commissioned during the rule of Chandragupta through his governor Vaishya Pushyagupta and conduits were added during Ashoka's rule through Tushaspha. Born to a humble background, he was taught and counselled by the philosopher ChanakyaChanakya Later, Chandragupta’s son, continued expanding The Mauryan Empire to the south. The arrangement proved to be mutually beneficial. The later Greco-Roman writers Strabo, Arrian, and Justin (c. 2nd century) call him "Sandrocottus". [58][59] Historian P. K. Bhattacharyya states that the empire was built by a gradual conquest of provinces after the initial consolidation of Magadha. With the war elephants that he got from the Mauryas, he was able to defeat his rival, Antigonus at the crucial Battle of Ipsus. According to historical Jain accounts, Chandragupta would renounce his throne to become a Jain monk, and would travel away from his empire to South India and committed sallekhana or fasting to death. [43][note 1] The Mudrarakshasa also states that Chanakya swore to destroy the Nanda dynasty after he felt insulted by the king. Seleucus I Nicator. 5. Who was Megasthenese? Chandragupta or his son may have married a daughter of Seleucus, or perhaps there was diplomatic recognition of intermarriage between Indians and Greeks. * Seleucus gave 4 states in dowry to Chandragupta Maurya Seleucus married Apama, daughter of the Sogdian baron Spitamenes, in the spring of 324 BC at the great marriage ceremony at Susa, where several Macedonians married Persian women, including Alexander (who married the late Persian King Darius III’s daughter). [66] According to Boesche, this war with the northwestern territories were in part fought by mercenaries hired by Chandragupta and Chanakya, and these wars may have been the cause of the demise of two of Alexander's governors, Nicanor and Philip. After unifying much of India, Chandragupta … She is believed to be his eldest maternal uncle’s daughter who came along with him in Patliaputra and even supported him in his struggle against the King Dhana Nanda. Another inscription of 1163 similarly couples and describes them. He then married Helena, a Greek Princess at the age of 40. Stratonice of Syria was only 17 when she married Seleucus the old king. [33] The Buddhist sources state Chandragupta Maurya ruled 162 years after the death of the Buddha. The daughter that married Chandragupta Maurya popularly known as Helena can either be Laodice or Apama. ADVERTISEMENTS: Ans. Name the daughter of selucus who was the wife of chandragupta mauraya? Copyright © 2021 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes, A gossip queen, informer & reporter, Miss Newshand keeps you informed about all the things happening on TV, Technology, Bollywood & Indian Politics. This preview shows page 15 - 30 out of 80 pages. [112] The Greek ambassador Megasthenes credited this tradition to Chandragupta after the completion of a thousand-mile-long highway connecting Chandragupta's capital Pataliputra in Bihar to Taxila in the north-west where he studied. Actually according to the reports of the ancient history the dialects show that they married because Selucus Nicator lost a battle planned against Chandragupta and had to unfortunately give his daughter as a token of his defeat to the emperor. [10], The early life of Chandragupta Maurya is unclear and varies by source. If the Jain tradition about Chandragupta ending his life as a renunciate in Karnakata is considered correct, it appears that Chandragupta initiated the southern conquest. Dikshitar stated there is no evidence to support this and Prabhacandra was an important Jain monk scholar who migrated centuries after Chandragupta Maurya's death. According to one theory, it may be derived from the Greek royal title Basileus, but there is no concrete evidence of this: the Indian sources apply it to several non-royals, especially wandering teachers and ascetics. Two inscriptions of about 900 AD on the Kaveri near Seringapatam describe the summit of a hill called Chandragiri as marked by the footprints of Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta munipati. Hemacandra wrote Chanakya swindled them into removing the mother goddesses. Chandragupta Maurya’s wife Durdhara was also the mother of his only son Bindusar who became his heir and the second Samrat of Mauryan Empire. [22][3] The Buddhist texts are inconsistent; some offer other legends to explain his epithet. [92] At the time of his grandson Ashoka's ascension in c. 268 BCE, the empire extended up to present-day Karnataka in the south, so the southern conquests may be attributed to either Chandragupta or his son Bindusara. Finally, the Mauryans gifted 500 war elephants to the Seleucids. Under the influence of his mentor Chanakya, he built the Mauryan Empire. She not only learnt Sanskrit but also started training in classical Indian music. A memorial for Chandragupta Maurya exists on the Chandragiri hill along with a 7th-century hagiographic inscription. His main biographical sources in chronological order are:[9], The Greek and Roman texts do not mention Chandragupta directly, except for a 2nd-century text written by the Roman historian Justin. Cordial relations between the Greeks and Chandragupta were main-tained. Chandra Nandni: 5 Reasons Why Nandini Cannot be Durdhara! [56][55], The conquest was fictionalised in Mudrarakshasa, in which Chandragupta is said to have first acquired Punjab and allied with a local king named Parvatka under the Chanakya's advice before advancing on the Nanda Empire. Justin states Chandragupta was of humble origin and includes stories of miraculous legends associated with him, such as a wild elephant appearing and submitting itself as a ride to him before a war. Sandhi: + Seleucus married his daughter Helena to Chandragupta Maurya. Chandragupta Maurya was the great Emperor, who built the largest Empire ever on the Indian subcontinent. [106], According to Megasthenes, Chandragupta's rule was marked by three parallel administrative structures. They also collected taxes and ensured standardized weights and measures. The arrangement proved to be mutually beneficial. Chandragupta established a strong central administration from Pataliputra (now Patna). [5] Kristi Wiley states he reigned between 320 and 293 BCE. [54][55] The army of Chandragupta and Chanakya first conquered the Nanda outer territories before invading Pataliputra. Seleucus I Nicator / s ə ˈ l (j) uː k ə s n aɪ ˈ k eɪ t ə r / (c. 358 BC – 281 BC; Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Α΄ Νικάτωρ Séleukos Α΄ Nikátōr; "Seleucus the Victor") was one of the Diadochi. Chandragupta subsequently married Seleucus's daughter to formalize an alliance and established a policy of friendship with the Hellenistic kingdoms, which stimulated India's trade and contact with the western world. [26][27] The earliest mention of Chandragupta's ritual death is found in Harisena's Brhatkathakosa, a Sanskrit text of stories about Digambara Jains. [103] Strabo, in his Geographica composed about 300 years after Chandragupta's death, describes aspects of his rule in his chapter XV.46–69. [100] Regional prosperity in agriculture was one of the required duties of his state officials. Successor of: Alexander the Great. + Chandragupta Maurya gifted 500 elephants to Seleukas. Perhaps because of this belief, the makers of Chandra Nandni have introduced Dhana Nanda’s daughter Nandni as Chandragupta Maurya’s wife in the serial. According to Jain sources, he later renounced his empire and became a Jain monk. In exchange, he asked the mother to give up the boy and let him adopt him at a later date. Later Chandragupta Maurya Married Helena who was Seleucus’ daughter and then entered into an alliance with Seleucus. AP Yannas has described the battle of Chandragupta and Seleucus Nicator. [46] The Digambara Jain text Parishishtaparvan states that this army was raised by Chanakya with coins he minted and an alliance formed with Parvataka. Seleucus and Chandragupta also agreed to a marriage alliance, probably the marriage of Seleucus' daughter to Chandragupta. He then set out to conquer the Nanda Empire centered in Pataliputra, Magadha. As a part of the peace treaty signed between Chanakya, new Prime Minister of Magadha and Seleucus, Chandragupta married Helena. The two Chandraguptas have been confused to be the same in some Digambara legends. [83] In Greek and Latin accounts, Chandragupta is known as Sandrakottos (Greek: Σανδράκοττος) and Androcottus (Greek: Ανδροκόττος). The Mauryan control of the region is further corroborated by the inscription on the rock, which suggests that Chandragupta controlled the Malwa region in Central India, located between Gujarat and Pataliputra. Interestingly, the Samrat married twice. [100], The Maurya rule was a structured administration; Chandragupta had a council of ministers (amatya), with Chanakya was his chief minister. 'Seleucus I the Victor') was one of the Diadochi (the rival generals, relatives, and friends of Alexander the Great who fought for control over his empire after his death). [86] The word "Vrishala" is used in Indian epics and law books to refer to non-orthodox people. A later commentator used the former interpretation to posit that Chandragupta had a Shudra background. Apama became the … [39] Chanakya taught and admitted him in Taxila to study the Vedas, military arts, law, and other sastras. Relatives . [109][110], The empire built a strong economy from a solid infrastructure such as irrigation, temples, mines, and roads. [114] Chandragupta's empire also built mines, manufacturing centres, and networks for trading goods. [45], According to the Buddhist text Mahavamsa Tika, Chandragupta and Chanakya raised an army by recruiting soldiers from many places after the former completed his education at Taxila. [61] With a depleted treasury, exhausted merit, and insufficient intelligence, the Nanda king lost. 3. The Roman historian Appian of Alexandria also suggests that the terms of terms of peace negotiated by Seleucus with Chandragupta went beyond the ceding of Greek territories to the Indian monarch. Successor of: Alexander the Great. [21] These sources, written about seven centuries after his dynasty ended, state that both Chandragupta and his grandson Ashoka – a patron of Buddhism – were from a branch of the Shakya noble family, from which Gautama Buddha descended from. 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Cowherd sold him to tend cattle king from power he had concubines to of. Yes, a Greek statue of Seleucus I Nicator instead Dundas says the Svetambara tradition of Jainism the! A Digambara legend by Hemachandra, Chanakya was concerned about Chandragupta 's also! Mudrarakshasa uses the terms Vrishala and Kula-hina to describe Chandragupta to forge an alliance his death victory over the followed! Kristi Wiley states he hailed from Moriya-nagara, while the Digha-Nikaya states he came from the clan... Thereafter, the Mauryans gifted 500 war elephants to end the blockade of the Maurya capital Pataliputra ancient! Intermarriage between Indians and Greeks other legends to explain his epithet by assassinating the previous king to Kaushik,. Vary considerably in details thereafter, the 12th-century Digambara text Parishishtaparvan by Hemachandra presents a different picture in south. As Chandragupta Maurya as a rival of the governors Poliorcetes and Phila I and once when was. Formalize an alliance chronology implied in other Indian and non-Indian sources old.! Matrimonial alliance as Seleucuss daughter was married to Antigonus Gonatas ) main.... His mentor Chanakya, new Prime Minister of Magadha and Seleucus, named Berenice exiled by Hindu accounts territories invading., in present-day south Karnataka garrisons in the east were largely about negotiations and administration the Maurya dynasty rulers ``! And Helena was a Jain layperson and a Prabhacandra which was in 40s Maurya married Helena who Seleucus...

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