/Img1 15 0 R 2 0 obj /Img136 150 0 R >> /Img42 56 0 R /Img118 132 0 R /Img80 94 0 R Also, people with weaker immune systems such as those with diabetes and people who don’t wash their hands before inserting or removing contact lenses are more at risk. Download Free PDF. 0000030591 00000 n Download. /Img51 65 0 R ���KWl���5�5��3�|�{Df���ߞ��ĝګ�������?�ߜ�-�?�#��OO�������]�pj�8^��������w�]?�W�^ίO�� Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes gonococcal conjunctivitis, which usually results from sexual contact with a … https://www.college-optometrists.org/.../conjunctivitis-bacterial-.html /Count 5 /Img103 117 0 R /Img26 40 0 R 29 37 /Img9 23 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is common and occurs in patients of all ages. 0000044966 00000 n /Img23 37 0 R /Img57 71 0 R /Img11 25 0 R /Img130 144 0 R 3 0 obj /Type /Page Download PDF. 0000080411 00000 n /Img24 38 0 R /Img92 106 0 R /F3 202 0 R /Img117 131 0 R /Img90 104 0 R Cindy Hutnik. /Img12 26 0 R /Img56 70 0 R /Img60 74 0 R /Img149 163 0 R Mattering and adherence of … Bacterial conjunctivitis Children and the elderly are more at risk of a bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img135 149 0 R 0000051419 00000 n /Img140 154 0 R /Img36 50 0 R Acute bacterial conjunctivitis tends to differ from viral conjunctivitis by the presence of purulent discharge and the absence of chemosis and preauricular adenopathy. /Type /Catalog Gonococcal and chlamydial conjunctivitis must be treated with systemic antibiotics. The prevalence of conjunctivitis varies according to the underlying cause, which may be influ… BACTERIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS IMPROVING THE RECOGNITION OF VIRAL and CE Monograph Faculty Alan Kabat, OD, FAAO (Chair and Moderator) April L. Jasper, OD, FAAO Blair Lonsberry, MS, OD, MEd, FAAO Christine Sindt, OD, FAAO Original Release: March 1, 2018 Expiration: March 31, 2019 This continuing education activity is supported through an unrestricted educational grant from Shire. /Img124 138 0 R /Img55 69 0 R xref /Img88 102 0 R /Img125 139 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Microbiological Profile, Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns and Recommendations for Treatment Naz Perween*, Dakshina Bisht**, Prabhav Aggarwal*** Abstract Conjunctivitis is one of the most common ocular infections, with bacterial infections accounting for 50-70% of all conjunctivitis cases. /Img152 166 0 R /Img8 22 0 R /Img72 86 0 R READ PAPER. g`@ V6�8ǃg��1` &����q���_�"O\~��A0 *:������@&. 0000079254 00000 n The condition often resolves on its own without any treatment. /XObject << /Img38 52 0 R /Img49 63 0 R /Img53 67 0 R /Img126 140 0 R Similar findings have been demonstrated in his left eye as of that morning. /Img155 169 0 R /Img28 42 0 R /Img153 167 0 R /Img104 118 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis. In some areas insect vectors are involved. /Img161 175 0 R /Img73 87 0 R It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. /Img146 160 0 R /Annots [ 5 0 R ] /Img160 174 0 R ��?�W����_�p��?�5���q��M7�t����׻�����W�;�7����C������x�����/�����'�����WΝ'_����F��5�B���}܀��v7ƫ�@��/'� �7��h�3���ָ��F3��/L�q-n�u���4��V�!��m�@�7����\_������ .�\��7l�S���^���a������8n�M�h~�+3ZL p���*/�5����7l�ۖ��3w���+��m��HGl#V��U�=��!�Dt���*Ҟ"�ui�$�D��8M�O 2��x�M�M!��V�Ғ���*ަ� �/�f!��B�M��H:!���}WQ nSF uB ���Ƃ~SH �Gt�+,�7�$N�$��C����(�>2^E��M@TZ�Dx#h�M�M!Qx�g�m��A�C�p��M�����V]��U�YE��HO�ձQ��be�! /Img143 157 0 R When treated with appropriate antibiotics the duration of the infection is shortened considerably to one to three days. /Img151 165 0 R Several viruses and bacteria can cause conjunctivitis (pink eye), some of which are very contagious. /Resources << 0000078994 00000 n /Img163 177 0 R stream Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus species, or, less commonly, Chlamydia trachomatis. /Filter /FlateDecode It is transmitted by contact with ocular or upper respiratory tract discharge of people who have the infection, fomites, medical equipment or shared cosmetics. Definition Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the lining of the eyelids and eyeball caused by bacteria, viruses, allergic or immunologic reactions, … /Img101 115 0 R 0000080459 00000 n /Img85 99 0 R /Img29 43 0 R /Img62 76 0 R /Img84 98 0 R /Img116 130 0 R /Img102 116 0 R Viral conjunctivitis Viral conjunctivitis often follows a recent cold or sore throat. If bacterial conjunctivitis is suspected, but no response to topical antibiotics is seen, swabs for bacterial culture should be taken and tested. Conjunctivitis ("Pink Eye") Fact Sheet Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as "pink eye" It is most often caused by a virus but can also be caused by bacteria. /Img39 53 0 R 4 0 obj /Img107 121 0 R Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva and has 4 main causes—viruses, bacteria, allergens, and irritants. Clinical Ophthalmology, 2010. Gonnoccal infection is transmitted from the genital tract or urine to the eye by hands. Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually divided according to its course and severity into hyperacute, acute and chronic forms. 0000018326 00000 n /Contents 4 0 R /Img96 110 0 R >> 0000001036 00000 n /Img18 32 0 R /Img34 48 0 R /Pages 2 0 R "�l��@�Uaa�a�,Ǫ�0$��k�X�q'`Ub�݉W������À�� X��{�d��b�����?��>Y鳥�BN�d�S_�')���:�>I�����IJw����>I�����IJ'־�OR���:�>I�b���$%���퓔��}��v���l�w`����}"`�][��O�i���ڪ� �φ��X�Fvϱ*8���~�*9#&��V�Cxd��~�k��xN�~p�8������.�g@/�K%Ts�����%�vq^��Оv�n�. >> << /Img71 85 0 R x^�]I��q��W��z]z�V�R�u1Y"�$�$�|�} 0 3b! >> Select drug class All drug classes ophthalmic anti-infectives (34) ophthalmic steroids with anti-infectives (23) lincomycin derivatives (2) 0000012655 00000 n /Img138 152 0 R … Download Full PDF Package. /Img50 64 0 R /Img121 135 0 R 0000029416 00000 n /Font << /Img2 16 0 R /Img148 162 0 R startxref /Img44 58 0 R /Img133 147 0 R /Img93 107 0 R /Img70 84 0 R /Img86 100 0 R /Img97 111 0 R Diagnosis is usually clinical. Viral culture may be appropriate in epidemic case clusters. /Img181 195 0 R This paper. /Img115 129 0 R /Img17 31 0 R %PDF-1.5 /Img134 148 0 R 0000052857 00000 n 0000019190 00000 n /F2 199 0 R /Img173 187 0 R <<3DAEB586B2A0134A98C43DCE6087E03B>]>> /Img41 55 0 R /Img147 161 0 R /Img65 79 0 R /Img108 122 0 R << /Img75 89 0 R /Img14 28 0 R /Img156 170 0 R Acute bacterial conjunctivitis is the eye disease most commonly seen by gen-eral practitioners, and is estimated to represent approximately 1% of all con-sultations in primary care. /Img81 95 0 R trailer /Img30 44 0 R /Img59 73 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. /Img61 75 0 R Drugs used to treat Conjunctivitis, Bacterial The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. 0000053738 00000 n /Img64 78 0 R 29 0 obj <> endobj Introduction. 0000085252 00000 n /Img67 81 0 R 0000015788 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� Although it is a self-limiting condition, current initial treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis is the application of a broad-spectrum topical antibiotic. /Img15 29 0 R /Img10 24 0 R /Kids [ 3 0 R 6 0 R 8 0 R 10 0 R 12 0 R ] Bacterial conjunctivitis is uncommon but can be spread by the hands or from upper respiratory tract infections. /Img178 192 0 R 0000001644 00000 n Each of these types of germs can spread from person to person in different ways. /Img43 57 0 R NEONATAL CHLAMYDIAL CONJUNCTIVITIS: … This is a serious breach of normal hygiene. endobj /Img174 188 0 R 0000013828 00000 n Bacterial conjunctivitis due to gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus or Streptococcus pneumoniae is generally milder than conjunctivitis caused by gram-negative bacteria. /Img7 21 0 R /Img89 103 0 R /Img32 46 0 R /F1 196 0 R Inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva is known as conjunctivitis and is characterized by dilatation of the conjunctival vessels, resulting in hyperemia and edema of the conjunctiva, typically with associated discharge. /Img100 114 0 R /Img91 105 0 R /Img142 156 0 R /Img120 134 0 R Case description A 5-year-old boy presents with a 3-day history of watery discharge from his right eye. /Img164 178 0 R /Img169 183 0 R 0000014872 00000 n /Img21 35 0 R /Img127 141 0 R /Img48 62 0 R 0000029138 00000 n 0000036108 00000 n /Img19 33 0 R /Img145 159 0 R /Img16 30 0 R /Img159 173 0 R /Img5 19 0 R 37 Full PDFs related to this paper. /Img52 66 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. /Img46 60 0 R /Img111 125 0 R sode of conjunctivitis made a positive bacterial culture result less likely. Candidate 2012 and Douglas Brink, Pharm.D., BCPP Introduction Conjunctivitis is a common ophthalmic disease that can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, social status, or race.1,2 Currently there are no reliable statistics regarding the prevalence or incidence of different types of conjunctivitis. /Img22 36 0 R /Img141 155 0 R 0000014711 00000 n 0000045240 00000 n /Img158 172 0 R /Img82 96 0 R /Img66 80 0 R /Img177 191 0 R %%EOF /Img168 182 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common cause of infectious conjunctivitis, with most uncomplicated cases resolving in 1 to 2 weeks. /Img105 119 0 R x�b``a``�b`a`H Ocular Surface Disorders Neonatal gonococcal conjunctivitis . /Img122 136 0 R /Img157 171 0 R 0000016615 00000 n /Img13 27 0 R The following paper aims to review the evidence to discover the best treatments for acute infective conjunctivitis. /Img58 72 0 R /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Img167 181 0 R /Img175 189 0 R /Img78 92 0 R /Img179 193 0 R Bacterial Conjunctivitis November 2011 By Ko Eun Bae, Pharm.D. /Img47 61 0 R 0000001310 00000 n endobj /Img112 126 0 R %���� /Img150 164 0 R 0000034672 00000 n !oj�W:_��xd�Z6�����$@��3`���P���4˶= 7n�U�$�m��U��} x-Í��V�$�a���� /Img171 185 0 R /Img3 17 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis is the second most common infectious etiology of conjunctivitis in adults. << /F4 205 0 R Bacterial conjunctivitis was present in about one third (32.47% to 36.04%) of the patients with acute infective conjunctivitis, and it was more common in children. /Img172 186 0 R 0000001372 00000 n /Img176 190 0 R Forms of bacterial conjunctivitis that need to be treated differently include neonatal conjunctivitis, gonococcal conjunctivitis, trachoma, and inclusion conjunctivitis. conjunctivitis of suspected bacterial origin acquired within the first 28days of life were included in the study. Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually self-limiting, taking up to two weeks to resolve. Neisseria gonorrhoeae is the most frequent cause of hyper-acute bacterial conjunctivitis, which is then usually regarded as an oculogeni-tal disease, occurring in neonates and in sexually active adults. Conjunctivitis can be purulent or nonpurulent. >> /Img35 49 0 R /Img99 113 0 R 0000001735 00000 n /Img139 153 0 R 0000054690 00000 n A short summary of this paper. >> /Img114 128 0 R /Img77 91 0 R /Img128 142 0 R l�"% ��{5*R���pd�C��P��#˾�""�� q$��e�ī�H@C]�NJ�4�3$�����&`EH`;��HI@�?l�C�1V+b� ��x1�@5l�C_�XcEJ��{�k�5V�ģ7{6�a��3�"%xd�g��^�1I��W _cEL�:`W�1�رycEQwIxɺWc�"% ���XS�]EJ�߉W�?�b�>{o�U�ġ��X��f����$@���DEW����X����īȉ��Bl�c:{���I$���"(��@����}EL ���1a@� V\��'��X��6""��jNH_�$��*'���GW�i��� � �g�J,�W�D���U��"%���N���^��}^EF��;�*"�2��WM�Ixd�w VD� ���}`ED����!i1|�!�P1���CUL��F�J 0000000016 00000 n /Img63 77 0 R /Img123 137 0 R This article gives a review of the epidemiology, aetiology, clinical picture, complications, differential diagnoses, in vitro exam-inations and therapy of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. /Img74 88 0 R CONJUNCTIVITIS (Pink Eye) Conjunctivitis is an infection of the eyes commonly known as “pink eye”. 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