How exactly does this work? In almost every state, the candidate to gain the highest number of votes will win the electoral vote for that state. See our page on Reform Options for the Electoral College to find more information. How Does the Electoral College Process Work? The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. In all but two states it is winner-take-all. These are the pros and cons of having an Electoral College and everything else that you should know about the process. After you cast your ballot for president, your vote goes to a statewide tally. Al Gore won the popular vote, but wound up losing to George W. Bush in the electoral vote, 271 to 266. Who determines how the electors in a state are selected? Senators (always 2) plus the number of its U.S. The Founding Fathers chose it as a compromise between allowing Congress to choose the president and having the president elected directly by the popular vote of the people. Including 3 votes for Washington DC, there are 538 electoral votes. 1) Preserves the voice of the small-population states. 2) This number is equal to that state's representation in Congress - the number of Senators (2) plus the number of … How the Electoral College Works . Including 3 votes for Washington DC, there are 538 electoral votes. Donald Trump is president because he won the Electoral College by trouncing Hillary Clinton 304-227. The senate would vote then elect the vice president. A successful candidate needs 270 votes to win. But what is it, and how did this unique voting system end up the way Americans choose a president? In early years, state legislatures used to choose electors. But now, political parties choose electors. When you vote for a presidential candidate, you are in fact voting to instruct the electors from your state to … Or how it works? Each elector votes for two persons. A beginner's guide to the electoral college, the body of delegates that determines every presidential election — and why it matters so much for 2020. brittany: this is the map breaking down election results you’re probably used to seeing. How many electors are there? The electoral college meets every four years, a few weeks after election day, to carry out that task. How does the Electoral College work? Two states use the congressional district method. At the same time, Trump lost the popular vote by 2.8 million votes - … The Electoral College system was established in Article II of the Constitution and was amended by the 12th Amendment in 1804. Representatives - which may change each decade according to the size of each State's population as determined in the Census. How does the Electoral College work? There are a total of 538 electoral votes, and the number of votes each state receives is proportional to its size --- the bigger the state's population the more "votes" it gets. An amendment to the constitution instituting a popular vote would have to occur (constitutional change). The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress. 8 states have adopted this method including: California, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New Jersey. Electoral College: A System Born of Compromise. 1) Each state is awarded a certain number of Electoral College votes (ECVs). There are three main possible reforms of the Electoral College system. RELATED: Do the presidential debates matter? View source Maine and Nebraska assign their electors using a proportional system. How US elections work: This is how the Electoral College works Unlike most of the world's democracies, in the US the president is not elected by popular vote. How does the electoral college work? Or, the candidate with most districts get 2 senate votes. The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections Congressional Research Service 1 Introduction The President and Vice President of the United States are chosen indirectly by a group of persons elected by America’s voters. Or why America uses it to elect its presidents instead of just using a straight popular vote? 1) Small-population states are over-represented. The person with the greatest number (must be a majority) of votes won the presidency; the person with the second most votes became the vice president. How does the Electoral College work? How does the Electoral College work in practice? Author, lawyer and Electoral College expert Tara Ross does, and she explains that to understand the Electoral College … The presidential/vice presidential pair who wins the popular vote in any given state receives all of the state's Electoral College votes 1. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. Article 2, section 1 states: "Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of senator or representative or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be appointed an elector". The institution established by the Founding Fathers to elect the president. What are the strengths of the Electoral College system? How the Electoral College works – and how it affected battleground states in 2020 Critics say the Electoral College process puts too much emphasis on swing states and negates the popular vote. Initially, in the electoral college, electors vote for president. State law determines how electors are selected. Is that how it works. Electors who choose to not vote for whom they had previously pledged to vote for. If there was no majority vote getter, it went to the house where each state got one vote. FILE - This Sept. 18, 2019, file photo shows the view of the U.S. Capitol building from the Washington Monument in Washington. The Electoral College was established in Article II, Section I, of the United States Constitution, and was later modified by the Twelfth and Twenty-third amendments, which clarified the process. People argue for the electoral college because it is maintains the idea of federalism that the founding fathers sought, it is technically easier than the national election, it gives small states influence in the election, it prevents urban-oriented victories, and it helps minority groups gain representation.

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