But the challenges of colonizing space—as opposed to just visiting—are vastly greater than any we’ve faced as a species. Should something happen that changes the environment of the planet, it would have the potential of wiping out the entire human species. However, history shows that when you ... 2. Next stop, Mars. O'Neill … Scientific secrets The ability to explore and research mars can teach us a great deal and lead to life changing discoveries. Each mission that was flown came at a cost of $450 million. Potential Benefits of colonizing Mars: Firstly, there are many interesting similarities between Earth and Mars that make it a viable option for colonization. In 1973, the total cost of the Apollo program was reported to the US Congress as being $25.4 billion. And while there were a lot of exciting technical details, some major issues I anticipated were not covered. I get that O'Neill cylinders and other similar megastructures are leagues more efficient, but, they're also kind of boring if that's all there is. The foundation of how we explore space was created in 1966 with the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies. That knowledge could come with a price. We are consuming fossil fuels at a faster rate than the Earth can replace them, but as our technologies improve we’ll be able to move away from those fossil fuels and utilize cleaner, more efficient, more easily replenished fuel sources. The political structures of managing space exploration are already in place. Mars used to be a warm and wet planet like Earth, when Mars had a much thicker atmosphere than it does today. We can discover more about how the universe was created and why it exists in its current state. This treaty forbids placing weapons of mass destruction into orbit, installing them on the moon, or any other location in space. The biggest threat humans pose to other worlds is what we … It’s easier to call it the “Outer Space Treaty.” By 2017, there were 105 countries who had signed onto the treaty and another 24 who have signed, but not yet ratified it. Governments are restricted and private organizations with the most resources have the chance to make huge profits. The other planets and their satellites are, for the most part either wrong in temperature or in atmosphere to the extent that current technology couldn't make the necessary changes to support human life. (Polity, 2018) We are near to being able to attempt to colonize other planets in the solar system, especially Mars. Pros: -Asteroids, moons and planets are full of resources which could be utilized. To travel the stars, we must be able to store large quantities of energy. stream There are plans in the works to put boots on Mars in this generation. Going to Mars is a whole other picture. Space colonization is a controversial topic for some people, though definitely not for … 18 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of the Payback Period, 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Leasing a Car, 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Debt Financing, 24 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of a C Corporation, 16 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation, 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Gated Community, 17 Big Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups, 17 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of Corporate Bonds, 19 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of Annuities, 17 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Advertising. According to information provided by NASA, there are more than 500,000 items of debris that are currently being tracked as they orbit our planet. Space exploration gives us the chance to begin colonizing other locations, giving us hope that our species can survive. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. 2 0 obj The pros and cons of space exploration highlight the current rifts we have in society. Exploring space is a costly venture. The idea of finding alien life has been a concept explored in the medium of fiction for more than a century. One of those satellites is the Hubble Space Telescope. Help conservation efforts: With other planets to live on, our current “overpopulation” problems can be eased through migration to the “New World”. Exploring space means we’re leaving a lot of litter behind. As you can imagine, colonizing a planet like Venus also comes with a huge amount of challenges. The pros and cons of space exploration let us explore the final frontier that we currently know. Are there any plausible reasons why far futuristic humanity may want to terraform and colonize other planets? There are many secrets lying in wait to be discovered in space. The colonists could also take advantage of the plentiful raw materials, unlimited solar power, vaccuum, and microgravity in other ways to create products that we cannot while inside the cocoon of Earth's atmosphere and gravity. It drives innovations in numerous fields. -The technological advances needed would greatly benefit other … 1. 2. It could thrive. ]�n٘[ޝJb"�2{{K�9A�ί_�W �W������ӄ�h�B���Qoa�5���6ůS ��z�H��w�����C��Sf�U��\�LRN|v���pm�]��2H8������3���m1�9�~Q�e�Ӌ��A3ը �@֩��=F� The treaty also disallows any nation from claiming a celestial resource as a national appropriation. Asteroids or planets … To Understand Earth: Mars is the planet in our solar system that is most similar to Earth. As human beings, the only home we have ever known is planet Earth. There are high fuel costs required to launch anything into orbit. 3. Weighing the costs and benefits is more of a philosopher's task … The total cost of the space shuttle program, when adjusted for inflation, was $196 billion. It seems our current environment, political environment and otherwise, suggests that companies will be a key part of colonizing other planets. 1. According to the 100-Year Starship Program, the technologies that were created for and made possible because of space exploration have helped to shape, permeate, and are an integral part of who we are today. The framework needed to explore space improves the socioeconomic frameworks we have at home. This technology has allowed us to explore our solar system from right here at home. Pros: 1. The Benefits of Going to Mars We humans have been waiting for this moment for so long now, the moment of colonizing the mighty Mars. 3. Although the US has brought back hundreds of pounds of rocks from the moon without litigation, there would be a greater fight in grabbing resources that are in the hundreds of trillions of dollars. It allows us to see what the universe offers beyond on our planet. There is something comforting about the idea that humans are not alone in the universe as a species. Many arguments have been made for and against space colonization. Ensuring the survival of our species. (Polity, 2018) We are near to being able to attempt to colonize other planets in the solar system, especially Mars. It increases our knowledge. A large asteroid, the star going nova, or even a shift in the planetary climate could devastate humanity. Now expand the amount of space junk that exists to other planets or solar systems and the amount of litter we would leave behind is quite enormous. The solutions to those challenges, from 3D-printed hearts to synthetic foods, will change life here on Earth forever, even before we set foot on other planets. I’m sure he has his motives. If a catastrophe occurs on one planet, humanity will not be gone for good because we’ve got a backup on another planet. Download the PDF This discussion paper is archived and freely available at SocArXiv: https://osf.io/preprints/socarxiv/4wz9t/. Not only is space a vacuum environment that does not support human life without protection, but we do not know what may be lying in wait for us out there. View Space Colonization Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. Y esterday a lot of people watched Elon Musk revealing some of his plans on colonization of Mars at the International Astronautical Congress. There are many secrets lying in wait to be discovered in space. The initial economic reason for the colonization of space would be to use the resources of space to provide for the needs of our home planet. The conflicts we have here at home could be minuscule compared to the conflicts that may be waiting for us in the stars. 4. The amount of materials in a single asteroid could be more than $100 billion. It increases our knowledge. Space colonization (also called space settlement, or extraterrestrial colonization) is a political concept of space advocacy for permanent human habitation and exploitation of natural resources off the planet Earth.. Mars, also known as the Red Planet, have caught many scientists’ and engineers’ attention after rovers sent by NASA have found evidence of water on the planet in 2012. We must develop closed-loop support systems. Being close to civilization offers one more advantage: safety. 5. Weighing the costs and benefits is more of a philosopher's task … %äüöß If an advanced civilization encountered one of the gold-plated records on the Voyager crafts and decided they wanted our planetary resources, we might be unable to stop them. True space exploration requires international cooperation. According to information provided by the Goddard Space Flight Center, there are over 2,200 active satellites in orbit around Earth right now. We must consume resources to get people or equipment into space. x��ZK�+��ϯ�:`���L�xƳ���@!�< �@�&?�JU�I�nρp���n����S�n��߷�\��t�l�,���`.a����۟�p�7�����Ϸ��� �/���r����_�b����Of���d���On�#���ާy�.�i)����>����?޷�>=�]Z��)�u��L-N����z{~���1eWw�ȔU�CĊ��}��eN2#�I�̅��x�/�7��s��(o~�E�����s��3 3!�1�e3�nlYOT�L��2ER��$��W�W�K��$c���- Exploring space is also inherently dangerous. Summary of Adam Morton Should we Colonize Other Planets? �vjv���J�8�dsR�]#� However, fossil fuels are … �?��**u���"/�ll��@N��0�IܚO��r�~�)��VsV�ז���NZ��U��[;ǒ�R�0`)���~ELA���i^k���xj����������&�J�[U�L��$)��_��X�D� No agreements are in place for rich resources that may exist in space. 5. 2. Discovering new life on the planet. This space junk is litter that is flying at a speed of over 17,500 miles per hour, which means an impact could do great damage. ��S0~[�f�L���g���d��}�G�!+H�gQ�G�]������MmܣZ4�YU��zf/�hw�=�E.���N�đ�o�J�d�V|V��`���g�ڌ�Y�&q��Z�sGۉ����Syt�E���_�5�_REF��H�e����ps=�?�O�Ŷi��~�[�]%+�{~&��2�����GVcL���{��˾6[f�w�{u6�� Np�hvgSe�%��`��_��UA1�cV} �aq����j���X������� �X1n,�z���%�q��E��Q#*�+ Even though floating colonies would be removed from the extreme heat and pressure of the surface, there would still be the danger of the sulfuric acid rain. This means that as well the colonies as work crews and airships would also need protection. When Humans Begin Colonizing Other Planets, Who Should Be in Charge? If those profits can be funneled toward a mutual good, then humanity can do more than just survive. It provides humanity with hope for the future. One reason is that other worlds contain vast amounts of metals and other natural resources and potential sources of energy, and provide opportunities for "potentially profit-making industries" [source: National … The expansion into space also offers up a wealth of privatized opportunities, such as access to energy and other interplanetary resources. <> A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, which means that organisms from earth would find it similar. s�g� 6. The National Space Society, a private-sector organization that promotes a spacefaring future, cites a variety of reasons for building colonies in space. The scientific benefits of a long-term presence, on the other hand, are virtually unlimited, and the risks associated with an immediate return would be eliminated, raising the possibility of success (Schulze-Makuch & Davies, 2010). Thus colonization and exploration are necessary for humans to advance as finding problems and coming up with solutions is the best way to advance. %PDF-1.5 The Mars One mission budget to bring just 4 people to Mars is over $6 billion. With their protocols helping to create a push deeper into space, exploration could become a future way of life. As we all know, we still rely on fossil fuels for our production processes on a global scale. There is sometimes more danger in being part of a community than living by yourself without any neighbors. Humans need to colonize another planet within 100 years or face the threat of extinction, high-profile physicist Stephen Hawking has warned. According to Wired, a multistate body that is supported by 193 nations approves the orbits of items that are currently in space. These discoveries could then help to improve life on our own planet as we seek out others to explore. 4. Is it a good idea? Other consequences and benefits remain unknown but more will be discovered once humans can set foot on this planet and do necessary research. What do you think are the dangers of … Fossil fuels are refined to create these fuels, used in the manufacturing processes to create the equipment or vehicles, and this creates an environmental cost which must be paid at some point. Planetary Resources has evaluated an asteroid called “Davida” to be worth $100 trillion or more. Humans are currently confined to a single planet and facilities that orbit it. Plans for the exploration and even colonization of other planets are very much in the air, and getting to Mars in particular has become a billionaire's hobby lately. 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