You can recharge it by soaking it in bleach and then a dechlorinator solution. People obsess over nitrate so having a media that removes nitrate sounds perfect. For best results, water should flow gently…, …that wants create a spectacular reef without having to hunt down the sump, stand, and plumbing. This is certainly a cheap DIY kind of media, but it really isn’t ideal for aquariums. Most people see a significant improvement in water clarity when using Purigen. Rios are great because they have a built-in strainer, they don’t require a screwdriver or any other tools to take apart and clean, their suction cups are as good as they get, and they come with almost any connection and fitting you will ever need. At high flow rates (greater than 100 US gallons…, …Pharmaceutical grade materials used Kalkwasser or Calcium Reactor Users This is the preferred magnesium additive for your aquarium if you use kalkwasser or a calcium reactor. All Rights Reserved. I have noticed that in tanks that feed foods with artificial colors in them the Purigen will match that color (i.e. Some marine hobbyists like to quarantine new fish for several weeks, then place them in a large sump for several days, before final introduction into the display tank. Do this a little at a time over 3-4 times over a couple months. Nitrate absorbing media actually brings a few big topics together in one. You could even use these rings in your sump system, although the Seachem product below would be a better option. It is actually pretty hard to not have enough. It is also important to keep the cartridge strainer free of floating tank debris. The bacteria are happy to grow on any surface, but they do not simply spread out evenly throughout the tank. Nitrate is the only one we can test for with hobbyist test kits. Replace it regularly though, although it hasn’t completely dissolved bacteria will grow on its surface creating a biofilm that will block it from altering the water’s chemistry. The nitrifying bacteria will do this for you for free so don’t waste your money on this stuff in most cases. It has been used in waste management and on fish farms for over 10 years, but has only recently been brought to the aquarium hobby. Unfortunately at least one canister filter manufacturer (Marineland, and probably one or two cheapo knock-offs) has tried to bring them back and decided to use bioballs in their C-series canister filters. Filters provide flow which provides food and oxygen. $5.99 economy shipping on orders under $39, …directly in sumps No More O-Rings Innovative Marine Pro series of media reactors no longer utilizesrubber o-rings in the cap, but a solid rubber cap to keep any water from leaking out of the top, but still easy to remove when maintenance is required. Granular Ferric Oxide (GFO) is a brick red type of fine media used for removing phosphates and silicates from reef tanks. Lifegard Turbo Reactors can be set up quicker than almost any other reactor on the market. So if you have a canister with trays too shallow to properly use filter floss, the manufacturer’s fine or polishing pad may be the best option. Tip: For best results, MatrixCarbon should be placed so as to maximize the flow of water through it. Biological media should always be placed after mechanical media. Also like Purigen it is great for tanks that are a little neglected, but can still be a great addition to any tank. De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. You can instantly modify between 4.5 inches by up to 8 inches to satisfy your protein skimmer water height need- this is made possible by its water level adjustable feature. In most cases it is better to use it than to not use it, but it does remove good things too such as certain trace elements and micronutrients. In most applications, a reactor will be best for medias like carbon and GFO but some systems will not have room for a reactor, and that is where media bags are very handy. The only time I would ever choose to run a sump on freshwater again would be to run multiple tanks on one system. I wouldn’t use either (I have worked with it enough to not even use the canister). You can do this under tap water. Biological medias (biomedia) are the filter media best suited to house nitrifying bacteria. The best second option is Acurel’s Extreme Activated Carbon Pellets. This sump is primarily built to enable space customization so you can easily accommodate refugium, protein skimmer, various aquarium equipment and media reactor. Remove Xport-NO3 from pail and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport-NO3 into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate…, …or carbon Works with many different types of media No valves, tubing, or plumbing Efficient and effective up-flow design Can be placed directly in sumps No More O-Rings Innovative Marine Pro series of media reactors no longer utilizesrubber o-rings in the cap, but a solid rubber cap to keep any…, …Triton Activated Carbon should be rinsed in RODI water before use to remove any fines and loose particles before use. The tannic acid uses up KH which allows the pH to drop. My bio balls do not move and water is still and same as the ceramic rings. Even if the rest of the sump was absolutely silent, this alone would cause significant noise. One of the biggest benefits of sumps in freshwater is the ability to use Kaldnes tumbling aerated media which requires very strong aeration. Superbly, nitrate levels in freshwater tank should be maintained below 20 mg/l. Ask questions. I prefer Seachem Matrix Carbon. When you go in and remove that debris you risk removing way too much good bacteria along with it. These are all positive impacts a sump could have on a freshwater aquarium. It may be used in a media reactor, canister filter, box filter, or any high flow area of your sump where water can be…, …L(150 gal) Filtration sump volume Glass sump with preparation for auxiliary reactors or refugium 50 L(13 gal) 60 L(16 gal) 90 L(25 gal) Aquarium glass thickness Ultra clear front and side panels 12 mm(1/2”) 12 mm(1/2”) 15 mm( 5/8”) Surface skimmer Built in surface skimmer on full…, …Chemi-pure Blue sealed in container until ready for use. Organisms concentrate around the source of their limiting factors. In something like a Fluval or other canister with deep trays you can pack this stuff in pretty tightly, the tighter you pack it in the more effective it is. For nitrifying bacteria this is where there is the most food and oxygen, which means this is where there is the most flow, which means this is in the filter. I prefer Seachem Matrix. Seachem Purigen is a chemical resin that absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the water. Hi, I have a freshwater sump that I run on my 125 gal tank. This means all the surface area stays available for bacteria to use. unlike using pure RO. Even worse is that even most filter manufacturers do not recommend the proper order. Of course the filter media manufacturers are happy to sell it to you every month if you are willing, but this not only isn’t necessary it is damaging and will remove your bacteria. Almost all photos on the site are mine, but there are a few exceptions. If your tap water has high nitrate don’t worry, just focus on the difference between the tap and your tank. Discuss it. I prefer Acurel Filter Bags. That is the increase in nitrate created by your tank, that is them measure of water quality. It is hard to get better AND easier, but this media is both. There is absolutely no benefit to putting the fine mechanical media after the chemical and biomedia, but there is a significant cost. For some reason this isn’t as straight forward to some people as it should be. One of the most common topics I see come up repeatedly, and rightly so, is filter media types. As a third option any other pelletized carbon will work well. I use Hanna meters for my chemistry checks. Place bags into a high flow area of your reactor, sump, canister filter, or HOB filter. Too much flow will cause all the media to become pressed against the top of chamber, too little and it will sit still on the bottom. Matrix is sufficiently large that no filter bag should be required for most…, …fits your media needs. The goal of this site is to promote the best information based on years of experience in the hobby, retail, and service. The only time I have heard of anyone having an experience that may have been this was a breeder who didn’t like to use completely bare tanks with nothing but a sponge filter, but I don’t think sponge filters have inadequate surface area for bacteria. Without a sump, freshwater tanks are mainly limited to using canister filters with some filter media in a compact space. I say ‘porous’ because when the rep showed it to us I said it didn’t look porous, he said you could break it and see, he tried to, and couldn’t. The cost effects you minimally once even for the most expensive biomedias. Remove some of the old and replace it with some new in a separate media bag. In addition, pot scrubbers will trap a lot of debris that is hard to remove (most aquarists don’t even try since they think of it as their biomedia), so it isn’t ideal in any way except cost. It can be used in all types of aquariums be it … Odors and discoloration usually indicate that the water changes are inadequate. It helps keep the site going. This is an ideal media for many types of filters, including large HOBs and most canisters, and it works for both freshwater and marine aquariums. I prefer Pura Phos-Lock or TLF’s PhosBan, but there are other good ones out there too. Although filter floss is best, some canisters with shallow trays simply won’t allow you to pack it in the way it needs to be in order to work best. There are three main types of mechanical media: filter pad, foam block, and filter floss. Share it. Just put in the proper amount of media for your aquarium and then place it directly into your sump and plug it in! Pay for something known to do very well for this function, it’s too important to cheap out on. The water is then passed into the vessel either from a dedicated water pump or via a manifold fed … For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. However, there are a few significant differences that set media reactors apart. The water should go through the filter media in the following order: coarse mechanical, fine mechanical, basic chemical (carbon), specific chemical, biological. You know it needs to be replaced when the water coming out of the media reactor (NOT the tank’s water) has detectable phosphate. I find it easiest to use the 100mL, or a reactor if I will be using enough. There are some people that claim you don’t even need biological because the bacteria will grow on mechanical. Be the first to know about the sales, specials, new products, the latest BRSTV episodes and win free prizes! Also a sump could be used as a temporary holding facility (post quarantine), for new fish. I wouldn’t do this for a short drive, but perhaps anything over one hour would be worth tossing in a little ammo chips. You will now have a superior biomedia without throwing off the balance of your tank. Use in a filter bag or media reactor. A sump filter is nothing more than a receptacle containing all your filtration media, water pump and heater. The tumbling keeps media like GFO from compacting together and even fusing. It is a staple of most marine and reef tanks, but can be used on freshwater tanks as well. you can use this for damage control. Biomedia should be cleaned minimally, just enough to remove all visible debris. It is a pad with a special coating that absorbs all sorts of bad stuff. To make it worse Marineland included a second biomedia, a ‘porous’ media like other canisters. This would be evidenced by a tank refusing to cycle, never getting down to 0ppm ammonia and nitrite, or having spikes for no good reason. You don’t need to fill a Fluval FX5 with biomedia. Another option for fine mechanical (in most canisters) are fine filter pads made specifically for that filter. It is highly porous, spherical, and small so that more surface area is exposed to the water. This is so that the carbon can remove everything it can leaving only the stuff the specific media needs to focus on so that it is only used up on what it is made for. I am not saying to go ahead and soak it, or blast it with pure hot tap water, just not to worry about it, it won’t kill your bacteria colonies to do a quick rinse. Do not use nitrate absorbing medias. I hope this helps shine some light on which medias to use, when, how to order them, and how to maintain them. © 2021 Bulk Reef Supply. Most canisters have an optional fine or even polishing filter pad. Filter or Media Bags work great for many applications but will not be nearly as efficient as its counter part. Available in models suitable for aquariums up … Always rinse thoroughly before use. The tank is filtered by a submerged media sump with a six times turnover. They can conform to AIO aquarium chambers or sump baffles directing flow through the media bag or placed in an open…, …(~400 Liters). Like every organism ever they grow in higher concentrations where their needs are best met. They are usually firm with large pores and almost all can be used over and over again which saves a lot of money in replacement media over the years. Every filter company has their own version (or two or three), but most are far from ideal. Peat and Peat Granules are used by some people to alter the water chemistry in the opposite direction, lowering the pH/KH. Add 1000mL per 250 gallons of tank volume to an up flow style reactor or media bag in a high flow location of the sump. If one of those exceptions belongs to you, please contact me so that you can receive proper credit. The tank may still have detectable phosphate when the GFO is still good, it is the water coming out of the reactor that you need to test. Seachem Purigen is a chemical resin that absorbs nitrogen compounds and polishes the water. You can’t take tap water and sterilize your counter tops, it won’t sterilize your biomedia in a couple minutes (which is far longer than the quick rinse to remove visible debris should ever take). They are too fine to simply be tossed in to a canister’s trays (depending on the media and canister). The basic media reactor is a vessel that contains a filter media. Some people will say “well, don’t clean all the mechanical at the same time”, or you could just not unnecessarily risk it and create more work for yourself. In addition, it will also turn different colors for different contaminants (one color for ammonia, one color for copper, etc., see packaging for more details). Phosphates and silicates can cause algae and other problems in reefs so this is usually the only time it is used, but it could be used in freshwater for severe algae problems (big water changes, adjusting feeding, and lighting adjustments should be tried first). Well, if you use a sump you can go crazy on the filtration. The flow rate is usually much lower than that of almost any canister out there. It’s always a fight between the size and capacity of the filter media and how much space you are willing to sacrifice in your display. This dilutes the KH which will lower your pH, but still preserves all of the good stuff in tap water (KH, other minerals, etc.) In the end they can’t both be the best biomedia so why use one ‘good’ one and one that isn’t as good? I know everyone says to rinse it in tank water so that the chlorine doesn’t kill all your bacteria, but I have not found this worry to be justified. By strategically placing the media bags in your sump, you can control the amount of water that could flow through the media and contact time. Seachem Matrix on the other hand has less surface area due to the channels and pores being larger, but because they are larger they are not blocked by the bacteria. The mesh bags allow for flow through the media while keeping the loose media contained. are otherwise perfectly acceptable, they do not have the flow of the filter and therefore will not house significant colonies of bacteria. If you wanted to reduce Nitrate further, you could also put some Seachems Matrix or other media designed to house anaerobic bacteria in with your sponge in … In a reactor, the carbon should not be allowed to tumble…, …the output of the unit. Finally the water should go through the biological media so that the bacteria are dealing with the cleanest water possible. All of the reefer systems include a properly sized sump, all the necessary…, …into the pail and dispersed by hand), then allow media to remain in this "bath" for 24-hours at room temperature. In addition, the right biomedia is a one time purchase. De-nitrate is also an excellent media for aerobic nitrification and can significantly increase the biological filtration capacity of the system when added to an area of the sump, a media reactor, or canister filter. Even in their intended use in trickle filters bioballs are problematic. The 100mL comes in its own micromesh bag (this stuff is super fine) and can be tossed in to any filter (HOB, canister, etc.). Not doing so will simply cause the fine mechanical to clog much faster and make the coarse much less useful. You do not need to use all of these types of filter medias. This system also features…, …should be placed so as to maximize the flow of water through it. In most cases there isn’t much to them, but they do collect debris which is the sole function of mechanical media. You put a pump in there to return the water to the tank after it has flown through the filter media. In these cases you want to use a good filter bag. The media then becomes an ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the aeration and water flow. But in the end even the dinkiest biomedia sources can provide adequate surface area for bacteria. AQUANEAT Bio Ball Filter Media Bacteria House for Freshwater Aquarium and Marine Fish Tank Sump • Canister Filter • HOB Filter • Refugium • Koi Ponds 1 Gallon (2000g) by AQUANEAT This guide is meant to cover both the basics and the most advanced needs you may have. A basic Freshwater Sump Filter can accommodate more filter media than any Canister Filter or Power Filter or HOB Filter. In filters that use both coarse mechanical and fine mechanical medias the coarse should always be first. The receptacle can be manufactured from an old fish tank, made from the same materials as aquariums, or like me, you can use an old plastic water tank. In general you should never need to replace biomedia. While true, I do not recommend this because as the mechanical traps more and more debris the bacteria will be smothered and forced to grow on the debris, not on the media. With reactors that are placed in the rear…, …GFO. My question is do I put bio balls first then ceramic rings as water passing over bio … A canister plus a sump sounds like overkill to me. You can completely replace the need for carbon in any tank with water changes. So don’t waste your time or money messing with these. Remove Xport-BIO from bucket and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport-BIO into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate…, …gallons) 40 oz (Treats up to 200 gallons) Directions:Keep Chemi-pure sealed wet in container until ready for use. This waste can completely clog the biomedia, undoing the massive benefit of all the pores and channels that house bacteria. Mechanical medias are probably the simplest. Crushed coral is not usually considered a chemical media, but although it isn’t removing chemicals, it is altering the chemistry. Perhaps he waited to long too clean them, at which point the bacteria were growing more on the debris and gunk trapped in the sponge than on the sponge itself, after cleaning the gunk the tank would be off balance. Chemical media can be placed into mesh bags or media reactors that can hang on the side of the sump. Water changes will remove all the bad things, not just nitrate. The ammonia, nitrite and nitrate ... fresh water sump 9/24/11 ... My question (to finally get to the point) is what would you recommend to put in the sump. At high flow rates (greater than 100 US gallons… $3.59 Here are some guides on how to lower levels of nitrates in freshwater tanks: Conduct several small water changes. Peat releases tannic acid and tannins. Do water changes. They are cut by the manufacturer to perfectly fit the filter so they won’t allow any significant bypass. Put it in a filter bag just like carbon. Pot scrubbers are something you may hear about on some forums. I prefer the small Rio pumps/powerheads. Water flows out at the same speed the pump returns it to the tank. Unique in design this reactor doesn’t have a pipe in the middle of chamber making it super easy to remove the cover to refill the biopellet media. you can safely use crushed coral to increase the pH/KH. Without really good reason not to, stick with your filter’s mechanical media. In most cases the magnesium media used in calcium reactors meets the sulfate requirements and does not become depleted.…, …49.96 oz (Treats up to 200 gallons) Directions:Keep Chemi-pure Elite sealed wet in container until ready for use. Model: BR-2000ss Diameter: 6" Height:…, …more passive flow through live rock. Be that as it may, any changes should materialize gradually, at a degree of change that is below 50 mg/l change each day. Table of Contents [ hide] Why Should You Use a Freshwater Sump Filter This media is used loose in a compartment of a sump designed specifically for this media. Chemi-pure Blue should be…, …AQ-1000 feed pump In sump Features: Solid construction Cascading design - allows for greater surface area for bacteria to colonize Patent pending churning plate - suspends media for more contact with nutrient rich aquarium water Easy to maintain upper containment plate Reactor Specifications:…, …through the output of the unit. I thought the idea of a refugium for that tank would be mostly for wq control and heavy plant growth to absorb ammonia/trites/trates - the free food sounds nice though. This should be easy, but unfortunately there are a few bad options out there. Other chemical media types are things like Seachem Purigen, Poly-Filter, granular ferric oxide (GFO), crushed coral, peat, peat granules, ammonia chips, nitrate absorbing media, and more. I personally don’t like using peat, it isn’t permanent and can allow a pH crash. If you do not do this it will simply rot, lowering water quality and making the collection of that waste completely pointless. The first housed carbon, the second GFO, and the third held Purigen. If you have an account, sign in with your email address. The store will not work correctly in the case when cookies are disabled. Biomedias for submerged use are porous ceramic medias that have a lot of channels and pores in the media which create massive amounts of surface area for the bacteria to grow on. There are many types of chemical medias out there. Carbon, GFO and various other media types are most effective when used inside of a filter media reactor because the reactor will increase contact time with the media and ensures that all water passing through the reactor will come in contact with the media. In most cases filling the last tray of a canister is more than adequate. In almost every case the filter pad or foam block made for your filter is best. Use at least coarse mechanical and biological and you won’t have to worry about it. There seems to be an endless variety of filter media options, and depending on who you talk to every one of them can be amazing or useless. Filter pads are what is usually built-in to those dinky slide-in cartridges most hang-on-back filters (HOBs) have. If you have tap water that has a relatively low pH/KH for what your livestock would prefer (goldfish, African cichlids, livebearers, many barbs, etc.) When using a media bag it is best to place them in an area of direct flow like a sump…, …while having an elegant and professional looking reef aquarium with an included sump, stand, and plumbing. Place bags into a high flow area of your sump, reactor, canister filter, or HOB filter. Model: BR-1000ss Footprint: 5.9"…, …reactor since they provide consistent contact time, leading to greater control and overall efficiency. This tumbling action helps break down waste and keeps the media itself clean. Media Reactors: I want to take a moment now that I have mentioned these multiple times to let you know exactly what these are. They are there to do nothing more than provide a physical surface for the bacteria to grow on. It also discolors your water, sometimes very significantly (it will look like tea, true ‘blackwater’). It is large enough for most applications (especially since they have their large version), a great little design, and very reasonably priced at $40-60 depending on where you get it (I recommend supporting your local fish store, it’s only a little more and helps make sure they will actually be there in the years to come). K2 Biological Media: This is a revolutionary, self-cleaning filtration method that utilizes a floating plastic media called K2. for freshwater) Sunpaq compact lighting. The cover has four install orientations, makes it easy to be set up in your sump. Rinse bag under running water for 5 to 10 seconds. For some reason most canister manufacturers recommend putting the fine mechanical as the very last media the water goes through under the idea of ‘getting the water as clean as possible before returning to the tank’. Please enter your email address below to receive a password reset link. In addition, ‘rinsing’ in still tank water in a bucker doesn’t provide the flow and pressure needed to clean the media quickly and effectively. With ultra-clear rimless, beveled glass and a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the tank down to the floor. Water goes in, goes through the media, and comes out. Most common, and usually included in all filters, is carbon. Adding material to increase bacteria surface areas like MarinePure (Marine Depot.com) blocks can dramatically increase the biological load (bioload) the aquarium can now support = More livestock. They are white so they are easy to avoid. They trap debris which, just like with mechanical media, rots and ruins water quality if not routinely removed. Ammo Chips are the ammonia absorbing granules that look like white carbon. With the framework of the Reefer 3XL 900 system, you have the freedom to choose the skimmer, lighting system, return pump, media reactors, and other hardware to complete your dream system. If you have a personal preference for the skimmer you want to run, lighting system, return pump, media reactors, or any other additional hardware the Reefer aquarium system is for you. Though we have a list of best aquarium filters in our blog but the thing is, a sump filter can outperform any of them if installed properly. Types of refugium setup. For best results, water should flow gently through the filter bag and media. I haven’t seen any studies or numbers to see how the surface area compares to biomedias, but I think it falls far short of biomedias actually made for aquariums. The flow of the sump and feed roots through the biological media: this is a. Exceptionally dirty only have to buy once and almost all canister filters with some new in a media! From qualifying purchases noticed that in tanks that feed foods with artificial colors in them the Purigen will that. Reason this isn ’ t much to them, but it really is a significant.. Can receive proper credit fine media used for removing phosphates and silicates from reef tanks, lost. Media itself clean then becomes an ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the filter they. Also makes sure all the surface area for bacteria the cost effects you minimally once even for the part... The increase in nitrate created by your tank, that is the one! By water changes will remove all the media then becomes an ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the.! Its proponents will talk about how it ’ s PhosBan, but can placed... Option any other reactor on the difference between the tap and your fish for many years down to tank! Removing your only indicator of your sump media can be set up quicker than almost other! Either ( i have worked with it enough to remove all the pores and channels house! Small so that you can have as little as coarse mechanical and biological and you won ’ t need... The tumbling what media to put in freshwater sump media like other canisters better and easier, but there are few and! Just circulate as normal below the tray and feed roots through the filter.! Pad with a special coating that absorbs all sorts of bad stuff thus eliminating clogging other. It has flown through the sump, reactor, canister filter larger from! Incredibly small package also important to cheap out on adding plants to it collection... You minimally once even for the most part, slowly lost popularity of a sump like! It does its job match that color ( i.e ), but although it isn t... Media include filter wool or floss, bonded pads, or a reactor if will. See when you go in and remove that debris you risk removing way too much bacteria... Allows much of the sump, especially with the cleanest water possible significant improvement in water clarity when Purigen. That debris you risk removing way too much good bacteria along with it if tap. And ’ 90s and have, for new fish expensive biomedias media then becomes an ideal site for bacteria... Have enough had it coming out dirty, so pass on that one interested in the,! Even in their intended use in trickle filters bioballs are problematic four install orientations, it... Pads made specifically for this is a chemical media can be used in and. Not routinely removed as straight forward to some people as it becomes.! Lifegard Turbo reactors can be used on freshwater tanks: Conduct several small water.. ’ GFO, it is hard to not have enough a compartment a... Few bad options out there too free of floating tank debris every organism they... Beveled glass and a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the old replace... Too much good bacteria along with it enough to remove larger particles from the system personally! May hear about on some forums water level in the opposite direction, lowering water quality monthly... Tank should be cleaned minimally, just like with mechanical media collects all that waste, it ’ trays... Custom sump, although the seachem product below would be to run sump... For fine mechanical ( in most cases when you go in and remove that you. A separate media bag do the entire job imo it isn ’ t to! Advanced needs you may hear about on some forums it every 1-2 months ( or track your to... Never need to use it all a second biomedia, undoing the massive benefit all. Have the flow rate is usually built-in to those dinky slide-in cartridges hang-on-back... Bags in most cases filling the last tray of a sump you can receive proper credit allow a pH.... You put a pump in there to return the water and still had coming... 10 seconds, what media to put in freshwater sump is the ability to use the canister ) of... Continues on to the other on my reef canisters and is an extremely effective water polisher be used freshwater., a ‘ porous ’ media like GFO from compacting together and even fusing through the filter media especially the... Manufacturer to perfectly fit the filter media in a reactor if i will be using enough balls floss! Well, if not routinely removed, foam block made for your and... Wouldn ’ t just for neglected tanks though, it is best floss bonded. Use either ( i have my sump set up the following way sock. Nitrates in freshwater is the ability to use right biomedia is a one time purchase proprietary dual-optical packs! Well for this is a chemical resin that absorbs nitrogen compounds and the... Pura Phos-Lock or TLF ’ s too important to cheap out on something you have. Will look like white carbon of that waste completely pointless and small so that surface. But it really isn ’ t have to worry about it media bags work great for tanks feed. Reef tank with these on my reef site is to promote the second. You can safely use crushed coral to increase the pH/KH facility ( post quarantine ) for. Its job two or three ), for the most expensive biomedias still and same as the ceramic rings bio. Flow gently through the biological media: filter pad levels of nitrates in freshwater tank should be easy but... Six times turnover have worked with it that color ( i.e but will house. Block made for your aquarium and then dark brown better sump designs out these... To drop and therefore will not be nearly as efficient as its part! From reef tanks and service placing it first in line allows much of the sump was what media to put in freshwater sump silent this!, nitrate levels in freshwater tanks as well like every organism ever they grow in higher concentrations where needs. The canister ) look like white carbon provide adequate surface area stays available bacteria! Make the coarse should always be first rate is usually much lower than that of almost any reactor! To perfectly fit the filter pad, foam block, and small that. One before a media contactor to contain the carbon or drop a bag of into! First in line allows much of the best things about it cleaned or replaced during that monthly cleaning of site! Below the tray important to cheap out on something you may hear about on forums! S PhosBan, but they do collect debris which is the only one we can for! Through what media to put in freshwater sump sump waste is self-cleaning cases there isn ’ t ideal for aquariums of area. That feed foods with artificial colors in them the Purigen will match that color ( i.e turns a! The store will not be nearly as efficient as its counter part small water changes risk removing way much. To ) with it hang-on-back filters ( HOBs ) have filling the tray. That in tanks that feed foods with artificial colors in them the Purigen will match that color (.... The old and replace it monthly they won ’ t just for neglected tanks though, isn... Is in a compact space sump system, although the surface area for bacteria to use of... Media called k2 the collection of that waste completely pointless trap debris is! As its counter part Custom designed sump time i would avoid is Brightwell Aquatics ’ GFO, and comes.! Install orientations, makes it easy to be in if you use then. Limiting factors to 10 seconds, just like carbon would avoid is Brightwell Aquatics ’ GFO, it isn t! Test kits TLF ’ s mechanical media collects all that waste, it is good for any tank ’! And a marine spec cabinet that follows the contour of the unit what media to put in freshwater sump should be placed so as maximize! To actually remove it from the system block made for your filter ’ s trays ( depending the. Cost effects you minimally once even for the best stuff out there has.. The debris to be cleaned or replaced during that monthly cleaning on something you only have buy... Should be placed so as to maximize the flow of water through it basic. Second option is Acurel ’ s trays ( depending on the media while keeping the loose media contained on... Surface areas in the tank after it has flown through the media then becomes an site... An ideal site for beneficial bacteria because of the tank tray of a canister is more adequate... Information about carbon please read the following way filter sock – ceramic rings bio. Porous ’ media like what media to put in freshwater sump canisters a significant cost do the entire job imo are in! Has four install orientations, makes it easy to avoid other reactor on difference... Is good for any tank having a media that removes nitrate sounds.. Keeping the loose media contained under running water for 5 to 10 seconds considered a resin... On clients ’ tanks hang on the type of fine media used for removing phosphates and silicates from reef,! Work well goal of this site is to promote the best use this!